To provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations.
Safe drinking water and sanitation facilities for all, at door step, at all times, in rural Maharashtra.
- To ensure permanent drinking water security in rural Maharashtra.
- To ensure drinking water security through measures to improve/augment existing drinking water sources and conjunctive use of groundwater, surface-water and rain water harvesting based on village water budgeting and security plan prepared by the community/local government.
- Delivery of services by the system for its entire design period of quality of water in conformity with the prescribed standards at both the supply and consumption points.
- Issue of potability, reliability, sustainability, convenience, equity and consumers preference to be the guiding principles while planning for a community based water supply system
- To enable communities to monitor and maintain surveillance on their drinking water sources;
- To ensure that all schools and anganwadis have access to safe drinking water;
- To provide enabling environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage their own drinking water sources and systems;
- To provide access to information through online reporting mechanism with information placed in public domain to bring in transparency, accountability and informed decision making.
Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (WQM&S):
Under the National Rural Drinking Water Programme the issue of Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance has been given due emphasis. The monitoring and surveillance results from the habitations are also to be put on the database of the Department and monitored to ensure drinking water security at the household level. The Government of Maharashtra has ensured that all sources are tested on regular basis and results are update on State web portal.
The 3% of the annual NRDWP funds are being allocated for tackling water quality problems to enable rural communities to have access to potable drinking water. The funding pattern for this component is on 50:50 basis between the Centre and the States.
The National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme launched in February 2005 has now been merged with NRDWP.
Broadly, the programme is as follows:
- The approach, strategy and mode of implementation of the WQM&S programme is detailed in the “Implementation Manual on National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme” issued by RGNDWM, Department of Drinking Water Supply, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India (November 2004) is being adopted.
- All drinking water sources should be tested at least twice a year for bacteriological contamination and once a year for chemical contamination.
- Under NRDWP, States may establish Water Testing Laboratories at the Sub- Division level with a provision of testing few selected chemical parameters (need based) and biological parameters. Under NRHM there is a provision of testing water quality (biological parameters) at the Primary Health Centers. Such facilities, along with any other labs like college/school labs, in the area, may be used for the programme.
- The existing Field Testing Kits (FTK) may continue to be used for primary detection of chemical and biological contamination of all the drinking water sources in the villages. Fund provided for procurement of FTKs under National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme launched in February 2005 should be fully utilized.
- IEC and HRD for WQM&S are to be taken up as part of the WSSO activities.
- The services of five GP level persons who have been trained under National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance programme since February 2006 i.e. ASHA, Anganwadi Workers, School Teachers, GP members, Social Workers etc. will continue to be utilized for the surveillance programme.
- Monitoring is to be done by entering the test results of all sources tested by the designated labs on the IMIS of DDWS. The habitation and household data must be collected by two village level members (i) VWSC member selected in the Gram Sabha and fully accountable to the Panchayat and (ii) ASHA of NRHM. They will also authenticate the test results of Field Test Kits used in the village.
SBM (G) Objectives:
- Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.
- Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat Mission by 02nd October 2019 with all gram panchyats attaining Nirmal status.
- Motivate communities and Panchyat Raj Institutes promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education.
- To monitor schools and Anganwadi Centres in the rural area for proper sanitation facilities and undertake proactive promotion of hygiene education and sanitary habits among students.
- Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
- Develop community managed environmental sanitation system focusing on solid & liquid waste management for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.